MARINE LITTER Marine litter is a global concern, affecting all the oceans of the world. Every year, millions of tonnes of litter end up in the ocean, posing environmental, economic, health and aesthetic problems
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MICROPLASTICS Microplastics are tiny plastic particles that are incluced in certain commercial products or result from the breakdown of larger plastics. Microplastics can be harmful to the environment and animal and human health
NANOPLASTICS Nanoplastics are plastic particles generally produced during the degradation and manufacturing of plastic objects, which present colloidal behavior and size range from 1 to 1000 nm
TOXICITY Plastic products contain additives that can be toxic. Besides, plastic can retain toxic chemicals including persistent organic compounds. Small plastic particles can also accumulate in tissues and exert toxic damage
RISK ASSESSMENT Risk assessment puts hazard and exposure together in an attempt to understand the real world danger posed by a chemical based on its intrinsic hazards in the light of anticipated exposure
ECOLOGICAL IMPACT The ecological impact is defined as the set of effects left on organisms and their environment due to actions made by humans and natural occurrences. These changes are not necessarily adverse, but they generally are
REMEDIATION Environmental remediation is the process of removing contaminants from sites that have been polluted by any kind of human impact, including industrial, manufacturing, mining, residential and commercial activities
DISSEMINATION Dissemination is a conscious effort to spread findings, knowledge, and practices to target audiences or to the public at large. It is a responsibility towards society, which is providing most of our funding
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A new anthropogenic pollutant

Since the onset of the industrial productuion of plastic, and especially after its massive commercialization in the sixties of the 20th century, about ten billion tons of plastic have been produced. The presence of plastic in wildlife and in different natural environments was an early discovery. However, the warnings of scientists strated with the repeated findings of very small fragments, named microplastics (acronym for microscopic plastics), first in the oceans and later in the mos diverse envieonrments. The term microplastic currently refers today to plastic particles whose largest dimension is between one thousandth of a millimeter and five millimeters. Even smaller plastics are referred to as nanoplastics.

Bakelite

Leo Bakelandt cre- ated the first syn- thetic polymer, a phenolic resin
1907

Polystyrene

BASF chemists pro- duced the first thermoplastic polymer
1930

PVC

Known since the XIXth

century, two patents

issued in 1933 allowed

the commercial

production of PVC as

water resistant coating

for fabrics

1932

Polyethylene

Synthesized at ICI

it was used for the

isolation of

electrical wires and

kept in secrecy due

to the IIWW

1933

Nylon

After a decade of researh Du Pont got a bit market success with this polyamide
1938

Polyester

First discovered by W.H. Carothers, chemists from ICI marketed the polyester fibre Terylene
1941
ENVIROPLANET

OUR FIELDS OF RESEARCH

We have different fields of research, linked by our common interest in plastic pollution. We cover topics that range from monitoring activities to molecular aspects of toxic response in the biota. All of us are highly committed with the dissemination of our results in the benefit of the society, who grant most of our activities via taxes.

The timeline of plastics

The history of plastic production usually starts with the discovery of parkesine by Alexander Parkes in Birmingham made from cellulose nitrate and camphor. con alcanfor, a variation of which is celluloid, initiall intended as subtutute of ivory. However, the true origin of the industry of plastics stated with the production of totally synthetic polymers, the first of which was the termoset bakelite, a phenol formaldehyde resin. Synthetic polymers can be classified as plastics and rubbers. Amont plastics, there is a difference between thermosets and thermoplastics. Thermoplatics can melt while thermosets consist of polymeric chains linked together by crosslinking (like vulcanized rubbers).
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Recent news

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REDES SOCIALES

Bakelite

Leo Bakelandt cre- ated the first syn- thetic polymer, a phenolic resin
1907

Polystyrene

BASF chemists produced the first thermoplastic polymer to replace cast zinc objects
1930

PVC

Known since the XIXth

century, two patents

issued in 1933 allowed

the commercial

production of PVC as

water resistant coating

for fabrics

1932

Polyethylene

Synthesized at ICI it

was used for the

isolation of

electrical wires and

kept in secrecy due

to the IIWW

1933

Nylon

After a decade of researh Du Pont got a bit market success with this polyamide
1938

Polyester

First discovered by W.H. Carothers, chemists from ICI marketed the polyester fibre Terylene
1941


The timeline of plastics

The history of plastic production usually starts with the discovery of parkesine by Alexander Parkes in Birmingham made from cellulose nitrate and camphor. con alcanfor, a variation of which is celluloid, initiall intended as subtutute of ivory. However, the true origin of the industry of plastics stated with the production of totally synthetic polymers, the first of which was the termoset bakelite, a phenol formaldehyde resin. Synthetic polymers can be classified as plastics and rubbers. Amont plastics, there is a difference between thermosets and thermoplastics. Thermoplatics can melt while thermosets consist of polymeric chains linked together by crosslinking (like vulcanized rubbers).

A new anthropogenic pollutant

Since the onset of the industrial productuion of plastic, and especially after its massive commercialization in the sixties of the 20th century, about ten billion tons of plastic have been produced. The presence of plastic in wildlife and in different natural environments was an early discovery. However, the warnings of scientists strated with the repeated findings of very small fragments, named microplastics (acronym for microscopic plastics), first in the oceans and later in the mos diverse envieonrments. The term microplastic currently refers today to plastic particles whose largest dimension is between one thousandth of a millimeter and five millimeters. Even smaller plastics are referred to as nanoplastics.
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Recent news

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About EnviroPlaNet EnviroPlaNet started activities in 2020 as Thematic Research Network specialized in plastic pollution funded bu the Ministry of Science and Innovation of Spain. Since then, the network has grown to bring together more reserch groups with the aim of giving visibility to a variety of researchers from different disciplines as well as associations and NGOs working on different aspects related to pollution by plastic materials. The objective of the network is to improve coordination between groups and to offer opportunities for cooperation in aspects like the exchange of experience, the access to research resources or the participation in dissemination activities.
    
ENVIROPLANET

OUR FIELDS OF RESEEARCH

We have different fields of research, linked by our common interest in plastic pollution. We cover topics that range from monitoring activities to molecular aspects of toxic response in the biota. All of us are highly committed with the dissemination of our results in the benefit of the society, who grant most of our activities via taxes.
MARINE LITTER Marine litter is a global concern, affecting all the oceans of the world. Every year, millions of tonnes of litter end up in the ocean, posing environmental, economic, health and aesthetic problems
MICROPLASTICS Microplastics are tiny plastic particles that are incluced in certain commercial products or result from the breakdown of larger plastics. Microplastics can be harmful to the environment and animal and human health
NANOPLASTICS Nanoplastics are plastic particles generally produced during the degradation and manufacturing of plastic objects, which present colloidal behavior and size range from 1 to 1000 nm.
TOXICITY Plastic products contain additives that can be toxic. Besides, plastic can retain toxic chemicals including persistent organic compounds. Small plastic particles can also accumulate in tissues and exert toxic damage
RISK ASSESSMENT Risk assessment puts hazard and exposure together in an attempt to understand the real world danger posed by a chemical based on its intrinsic hazards in the light of anticipated exposure
ECOLOGICAL IMPACT The ecological impact is defined as the set of effects left on organisms and their environment due to actions made by humans and natural occurrences. These changes are not necessarily adverse, but they generally are
REMEDIATION Environmental remediation is the process of removing contaminants from sites that have been polluted by any kind of human impact, including industrial, manufacturing, mining, residential and commercial activities
DISSEMINATION Dissemination is a conscious effort to spread findings, knowledge, and practices to target audiences or to the public at large. It is a responsibility towards society, which is providing most of our funding
ENVIROPLANET